The Periodic trigger lets you execute a macro at specified intervals while you are logged in.
The Period of the trigger can be set as follows:
Caution: Generally it is recommended to not use very frequent intervals (like seconds), except as a last resort. For one thing, a macro triggering will cancel any “once” or conflict palette choices or the like, and so frequent timed trigger macros will likely cause problems with that.
You could use a trigger like this to run periodic maintenance or track changes.